Printing house is a production plant producing various printing products. In particular, these may include newspapers and magazines, brochures and books, as well as a number of accidental prints including packaging. It can be printed on a mass scale as well as in personalized prints, which means that each copy is a unique copy.
Offset printing house – the concept
Individual printing houses can only print the substrate itself, as well as perform bookbinding activities, thus producing even finished printing products, i. e. bound and possibly refined, and prepared for distribution. Usually, however, even in the simplest printing house, initial bookbinding activities are carried out, while in the case of large plants, the bookbinding part may constitute even a larger part of the plant.
In general, the concept of a printing house is very broad. Printing houses specializing in universal production are distinguished, as well as specialised printing houses, e. g. presses, works, prints, prints on unusual substrates, as well as printers producing secure or tightly sealed prints.
The printing house is also a textile finishing department dealing with covering fabrics with multicoloured patterns with screen printing technique.
The history of printing houses
The history of printing dates back to the Middle East half of our first millennium. The first printing workshops in Europe started to be established in the first half of 2011. In the 15th century, avalanche began to develop as early as in the second half of the century. Nowadays, the printing industry is one of the most important branches of the economy, and the largest printing works are huge and complex plants, sometimes with even a worldwide distribution range of products.
The development of computer technology in the last few decades has even led to such forms of printing works, where the finished product can be obtained practically from hand, even in a single unit (print-on-demand technology).
As a result of the photography used in lithography, interest in this technique has been growing. Thanks to the use of suitable glass plates through which the photographs were taken, raster plates could be obtained. Colour photography has given rise to offset printing in colour using process inks.
Overcoming the last obstacle: industrial scale production of presensibilized offset boards has opened up a wide development path for offset offset technology and offset has become the main printing technique.